Brihadeshwara is Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. Periya Kovil, also known as Rajarajeshwara Temple and also knows as Rajarajeswaram. Brihadeshwara is one of the largest temples in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India and is an example of Dravidian architecture during the Chola period. Built by Emperor Raja Raja Chola I in 1010 AD, the temple is over 1,000 years old. The temple is known as the “Great Chola Living Temple” at the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the other two being the Brihadeshwara temple, the Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple and the Airavateshwar.
The temple is located between the castle wall, which may have been added in the 16th century. The top or the bulbous structure of the temple is carved from a single stone and weighs about 80 tonnes.
At the entrance there is a large statue of 16 feet (4.9 meters) and 13 feet (4.0 meters) nerve carvings (holy cows). The entire temple building is made of marble, and the nearest waterfall is 60 km west of the temple. The temple is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Tamil Nadu.
Brihadeeswarar Temple History
Emperor Arulmojivarman, also known as Rajaraja Chola, laid the foundation of the temple of Brihadisvara in 1002 AD. This is the first significant construction project of Tamil Chola. The geometric and granular geometry controls the design of this monastery. A monument of the same period and an expression of power, artistic experience, and wealth two centuries later. The occurrence of these features, such as columns and the projected square image, indicates the arrival of the Chola style, which was entirely new at the time.
It shows the true form of Dravidian architecture in the temples and represents the ideals of the Chola Empire and the Tamil culture of South India. The temple bears witness to the glorious achievements of Chola in painting, architecture, gold sculpture and architecture.
After seeing the Pallava Rajasimha Palace in Kanchipuram, Raju Raja Chola Emperor dreamed of building such a huge temple for Lord Shiva. The Brihadeshwara temple was the first of the entire limestone building and was completed in five years from 1004 AD. Up to 1009
The oldest emperor of the Chola Rajaraja-1 (985 AD – 1012 AD), the son of Sudra Chola (Parantaka-2) and Vanavan Mahadevi, built a huge temple called the Brihadeshwarar at Thanjavur, the capital of the Chola dynasty.
It is known from the inscriptions of the king: I began the construction of this temple on the twenty-fifth day, in the 19th year, on the 275th. It took only 6 years for this work to be completed in 1010 AD.
The Chola rule was reduced and the emperor was banished from the kingdom of Weyang. In 1535, King Vijayanagara founded the Raja Nayaka, and the Thanjavur Nayaka ruled until the mid-17th century when, in 1674, the Marathon captured the Tango. Later, like many other countries, Thanjavur fell into the hands of the British.
The plates and paintings on the walls of the temple record the rise and fall of the city’s property. The representation of Lord Shiva is like a giant stone. It is covered by a plane that extends up to 216 feet. It is made of jade and carved without using mortar. The first stone, an engineering miracle, weighs eight tons.
I named this temple, Rajarajeswaram, the goddess of Lord Shiva in the lingam called Peruvadaiyar, and this temple is named Peruvadyyarkovil (in Tamil). Later, the Maratha and Nayaka masters built the temple and temples.
Southeastern Thanjavur was built by the Chola dynasty king Rajaraja I (ca. 985-1014) in 1010 in the Kaveri Basin (Kaveri). The Rajarajeshwara temple is named after the king. It was one of the two largest temples of the Chola dynasty, and was built by the descendants of Rajendra I, along with the Rajendra-Choliswara temple and the next capital, Gangaikondacholapuram. These buildings have many national functions that reflect the state. Chola Hegemani in South India.
It is said that the temple of Brihadisvara was built in just seven years. The area around the monastery is 120 meters to 240 meters and has huge brick walls covering 350 square meters with large tanks.
The Nandi temples, comprising the east-west axis, consist of two large and continuous (worship), antralla (barotha) and towering towers.
On the same axis is the eastern center of the temple and the primary dome in the brick (temple gate). They are only the entrance to the sanctuary.
Although they are adorned with statues, they are much closer to the new domes of the larger temples of South India, in contrast to the height of the air.
The second dome on the way to the temple is 24 meters high and smaller than the first tower, but with a large statue, with a door (guard figures) on either side.
The monuments around the yard have a phallic symbol of Shiva lingas, and on the back wall the pilgrims of the Nayaka period enjoy the flow of pilgrims. Built of limestone and brick, this Brihadeshwara temple is the largest work of the Dravidian style (north) and the great monastery of Gangaikondacholapuram, with its grandeur. The stone temple development in South India, which started in a small temple in Mahabalipuram, has ended here. It became a monument to be built in South India and Southeast Asia during the Chola Dynasty.
However, after the end of the Chola dynasty in the 13th century, the temples changed dramatically. These massive Burmese can no longer be built, but as the monument expands, the monastery must be encircled and folded, and the dome will only be built on a large scale. The outer tower rises and eventually reaches 60 meters. The relationship between the height of the main temple and its doors has been completely restored. At this time, the Brihadeshwara temple in Thanjavur is the best representation of the orthodox churches of South India.
Route Map How to reach Brihadeeswarar Temple